Category Archives: Articles

Observations upon a Scene in the Bayeux Tapestry, the Battle of Hastings and the Military System of the Late Anglo-Saxon State

Observations upon a Scene in the Bayeux Tapestry, the Battle of Hastings and the Military System of the Late Anglo-Saxon State By M. K. Lawson The Medieval State: Essays Presented to James Campbell (2000) If a relative plethora of sources … Continue reading

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Guns and Government: A Comparative Study of Europe and Japan

What role does technological innovation play in shaping histori–cal change in the premodern world? In general terms, this is the problem I address in this article. Specifically, I analyze the “military revolution” that emerged from Europe in the sixteenth century and the similar military changes that characterized sixteenth-century Japan. Continue reading

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‘Mount the War-Horses, Take your Lance in your Grip . . .’ Logistics Preparations for the Gascon Campaign of 1294

In June of 1294 Edward I decided to embark on the most ambitious and desperate campaign of his reign – the recovery of the Gascon lands seized by Philip IV, king of France. Continue reading

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‘The Lord put His people to the sword’: Contemporary perceptions of the Battle of Hattin (1187)

This study will seek to argue that such categories were of secondary importance to both Christian and Muslim contemporaries who either fought in the battle or lived through the summer of 1187 when compared with religious explanations. Continue reading

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William Marshal, King Henry II and the Honour of Chateauroux

William Marshal, King Henry II and the Honour of Chateauroux By Nicholas Vincent Archives: The Journal of the British Record Association Vol.25 No.102 (2000) Chance plays a large part in the survival of medieval charters. Written on parchment, and in many … Continue reading

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Profit and Loss in the Hundred Years War: the Subcontracts of Sir John Strother, 1374

Profit and Loss in the Hundred Years War: the Subcontracts of Sir John Strother, 1374 By Simon Walker The Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Studies, Vol.58 (1985) Among the Swinburne manuscripts in the Northumberland County Record Office is preserved a … Continue reading

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The Expression of Power in a Medieval Kingdom: Thirteenth-Century Scottish Castles

The Expression of Power in a Medieval Kingdom: Thirteenth-Century Scottish Castles By Fiona Watson Scottish Power Centres from the Early Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century, Foster, S., Macinnes, A. and MacInnes, R., (eds.)  (Glasgow, 1998)

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Ibn al-Athīr’s Accounts of the Rūs: A Commentary and Translation

Ibn al-Athīr’s Accounts of the Rūs: A Commentary and Translation By William E. Watson Canadian/American Slavic Studies, Vol.35 (2001) The evidence on the early Rūs contained in medieval Arabic geographical literature has long been part of the Normanist/anti-Normanist controversy.1 The … Continue reading

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Turkish Raids in Friuli at the End of the Fifteenth Century

Turkish Raids in Friuli at the End of the Fifteenth Century By Maria Pia Pedani Acta Viennensia Ottomanica, edited by Markus Kohbach, Gisela Prochaska-Eisl, and Claudia Romer (Vienna: Im Selbrstverlag des Instituts fur Orientalistik, 1999) Acta Viennensia Ottomanica is collection of … Continue reading

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The Contest between Lithuania-Rus’ and the Golden Horde in the Fourteenth Century for Supremacy over Eastern Europe

The Contest between Lithuania-Rus’ and the Golden Horde in the Fourteenth Century for Supremacy over Eastern Europe By Jaroslaw Pelinski Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi, Vol.2 (1982) Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi focuses on the Eurasian steppes and adjoining regions from the fifth … Continue reading

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Invasion, Conquest, and the Creation of Livonia

Invasion, Conquest, and the Creation of Livonia By Andrejs Plakans The Latvians: A Short History (Hoover Institution Press, 1995) The section is the second chapter of The Latvians: A Short History, by Andrejs Plakans, which was published by Hoover Institution Press in 1995. … Continue reading

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Chaucer’s Knight, the Alliterative Morte Arthure, and the Medieval Laws of War: a Reconsideration

Chaucer’s Knight, the Alliterative Morte Arthure, and the Medieval Laws of War: a Reconsideration By Elizabeth Porter Nottingham Medieval Studies Vol.27 (1983)  Nottingham Medieval Studies is published by the Department of History, University of Nottingham. For more information, please see their website. … Continue reading

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Frederick II and the Rebellion of the Muslims of Sicily, 1200-1224

Frederick II and the Rebellion of the Muslims of Sicily, 1200-1224 By James M. Powell Uluslararasi Hacli Seferleri Sempozyumu (1999) In 1999 the Turkish Historical Society/Turk Tarifrh Kurumu published this volume which is devoted to the Crusades in the medieval Middle … Continue reading

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English Armies in the Early Stages of the Hundred Years War: A Scheme in 1341

English Armies in the Early Stages of the Hundred Years War: A Scheme in 1341 By Michael Prestwich The Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Studies, Vol.56 (1983) We thank the Institute of Historical Studies and the authors for giving … Continue reading

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Venice and the Conquest of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem

Venice and the Conquest of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem By Donald E. Queller and Irene B. Katele Studi Veneziani, Vol.21 (1986) Studi Veneziani is published by Istituto di Storia della Società e dello Stato Veneziano. We thank the editors for their permission … Continue reading

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Hungarian strategy against the Ottomans (1365-1526)

Hungarian strategy against the Ottomans (1365-1526) By Gyula Razso From Crecy to Mohacs: Warfare in the Late Middle Ages (1346-1526): XXIInd Colloquium of the International Commission of Military History (Heeresgeschichtliches Museum: Vienna, 1997) We thank the Heeresgeschichtliches Museum of Vienna for … Continue reading

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Historical Invasions/Historiographical Inventions: Snorri Sturluson and the Battle of Stamford Bridge

Historical Invasions/Historiographical Inventions: Snorri Sturluson and the Battle of Stamford Bridge By Elizabeth Ashman Rowe Medievalia: A Journal of Medieval Studies, Vol. 17 (1994)  

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Cloth and Credit: Aragonese War Finance in the Mid-Fifteenth Century

Cloth and Credit: Aragonese War Finance in the Mid-Fifteenth Century By Alan Ryder War and Society, Vol.2:1 (1984) War & Society publishes scholarly articles on the causes, experience and impact of war in all periods of history. While articles dealing with … Continue reading

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From ‘Milites Christi’ to ‘Mali Christiani’: The Italian Communes in Western Historical Literature

From ‘Milites Christi’ to ‘Mali Christiani’: The Italian Communes in Western Historical Literature By Sylvia Schein I Comuni Italiani nel Regno Crociato di Gerusalemme / The Italian communes in the Crusading Kingdom of Jerusalem, edited by Gabriella Airaldi and Benjamin … Continue reading

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Between East and West: the Jews in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem 1099-1291

Between East and West: the Jews in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem 1099-1291 By Sylvia Schein East and West in the Crusader States : Context, Contacts, Confrontations Vol.1 (1996) East and West in the Crusader States: Context, Contacts, Confrontations is a series … Continue reading

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Rival and Epigone of Kiev: The Vladimir-Suzdal’ Principality

Rival and Epigone of Kiev: The Vladimir-Suzdal’ Principality By Ihor Sevcenko Ukraine between East and West: Essays on Cultural History to the Early Eighteenth Century (Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, 1996) Thank you to Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies Press, … Continue reading

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The Alexandrian Crusade (1365) and the Mamluk Sources: Reassessment of the kitab al-ilmam of an-Nuwayri al-Iskandarani

The Alexandrian Crusade (1365) and the Mamluk Sources: Reassessment of the kitab al-ilmam of an-Nuwayri al-Iskandarani By Jo Van Steenbergen East and West in the crusader states : context, contacts, confrontations, Vol.3 (2003)

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‘Spurred on by the Fear of Death’: Refugees and Displaced Populations during the Mongol Invasion of Hungary

“Spurred on by the Fear of Death”: Refugees and Displaced Populations during the Mongol Invasion of Hungary By James Ross Sweeney Nomadic Diplomacy, Destruction and Religion from the Pacific to the Adriatic: Papers prepared for the Central and Inner Asian … Continue reading

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Killing or Clemency? Ransom, Chivalry and Changing Attitudes to Defeated Opponents in Britain and Northern France, 7-12th centuries

Killing or Clemency? Ransom, Chivalry and Changing Attitudes to Defeated Opponents in Britain and Northern France, 7-12th centuries Matthew J. Strickland Krieg im Mittelalter (2001) On 25 September, 1066, the forces of King Harold II of England fell upon the … Continue reading

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Knightly Arms – Plebian Arms

Knightly Arms – Plebian Arms Zdzislaw Zygulski Jr. (Kraków, Poland) Quaestiones medii aevi novae:  vol. 4 (1999) The science dealing with the arms of the past – Waffenkunde, hoplology – developed during the second half of the nineteenth century and … Continue reading

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The Tower of London and the garderobae armorum

The Tower of London and the garderobae armorum Randall Storey Royal Armouries Yearbook: 3 (1998) The history of such a treasured monument as the Tower of London is a famed account full of epic events and infamous deeds. Its place … Continue reading

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Ships and Fleets in Anglo-French warfare, 1337-1360

Ships and Fleets in Anglo-French warfare, 1337-1360 Timothy J. Runyan American Neptune: v.46 (1986) The most consuming military and naval conflict of later medieval Europe was the Hundred Years’ War. Beginning in 1337 and continuing until 1453 this struggle involved … Continue reading

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Caste, Skill, and Training: The Evolution of Cohesion in European Armies from the Middle Ages to the Sixteenth Century

Caste, Skill, and Training: The Evolution of Cohesion in European Armies from the Middle Ages to the Sixteenth Century Dennis E. Showalter The Journal of Military History: vol. 57 (1993) Abstract The Middle Ages were characterized by growing institutional sophistication, … Continue reading

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The Military Revolutions of the Hundred Years’ War

The Military Revolutions of the Hundred Years’ War Clifford J. Rogers The Journal of Military History: v.57 (1993) The Military Revolution The concept of the “military revolution” first entered the historical literature with Michael Roberts’s famous inaugural lecture, “The Military … Continue reading

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The recruitment of armies in the early middle ages: what can we know?

The recruitment of armies in the early middle ages: what can we know? Timothy Reuter Military Aspects of Scandinavian Society in a European Perspective, AD 1-1300 (Copenhagen, 1997) Abstract The study of medieval warfare has probably both benefitted and suffered from … Continue reading

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Avant Nicopolis: la campagne de 1395 pour le contrôle du Bas-Danube

Avant Nicopolis: la campagne de 1395 pour le contrôle du Bas-Danube Dan  Ioan  Mureşan  (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris) L’armée croisée affluait au début de l’été 1396 vers Nicopolis sur deux directions[1]. Le corps principal, ayant le … Continue reading

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English Refugees in the Byzantine Armed Forces: The Varangian Guard and Anglo-Saxon Ethnic Consciousness

English Refugees in the Byzantine Armed Forces: The Varangian Guard and Anglo-Saxon Ethnic Consciousness Nicholas C.J. Pappas (Sam Houston State University, 2004) One of the most interesting episodes in Byzantine military history and in medieval English history is the Anglo-Saxon … Continue reading

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A Military History of Belarusian Lands Up to the End of Twelfth Century A.D.

A Military History of Belarusian Lands Up to the End of Twelfth Century A.D. Jahor Novikaǔ Jahor Novikaǔ A Military History of Belarusian Lands Up to the End of 12th Century A.D. Vol. 1. (Minsk, Belarus: Łohvinaǔ, 2007). (Новікаў Я.У. … Continue reading

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‘Treachery in the Remotest Territories of Scotland’: Northern Resistance to the Canmore Dynasty, 1130-1230

‘Treachery in the Remotest Territories of Scotland’: Northern Resistance to the Canmore Dynasty, 1130-1230 R. Andrew McDonald (University College of Cape Breton) Canadian Journal of History: vol. 33 (August 1999), pp. 161-192 The Annals of Ulster, a rich source of … Continue reading

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Discretion and deceit: a re-examination of a military stratagem in Egils saga

Discretion and deceit: a re-examination of a military stratagem in Egils saga By Ian McDougall The Middle Ages in the Northwest: papers presented at an international conference sponsored by the Centres of Medieval Studies at the Universities of Liverpool and … Continue reading

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Recent Excavations at Norwich Castle

Recent Excavations at Norwich Castle Elizabeth Shepherd Popescu Military Studies in Medieval Europe – Papers of the ‘Medieval Europe Brugge 1997’ Conference – volume 11 Introduction Norwich, the largest city in medieval England, dominated East Anglia from the eleventh century … Continue reading

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Byzantines, Avars and the Introduction of the Trebuchet

Byzantines, Avars and the Introduction of the Trebuchet Stephen McCotter The Queen’s University of Belfast (2003) While there has been much debate over when the traction trebuchet appeared in the west and the extent to which it replaced late-antique torsion … Continue reading

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Standards of Living, Order, and Prestige: Public Facilities in Early Fifteenth-Century Lviv (Lemberg)

Standards of Living, Order, and Prestige: Public Facilities in Early Fifteenth-Century Lviv (Lemberg) Rostyslav Paranko  Medium Aevum Quotidianum: n.42 (2000) This contribution is intended as a case study of urban material culture in the late Middle Ages. The particular aspect to be … Continue reading

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Medieval Frontiers and Fortification: The Pale and its Evolution

Medieval Frontiers and Fortification: The Pale and its Evolution Tadhg O’Keeffe Dublin City and County: From Prehistory to Present (1992) Moreover, the English have now a greater advantage than at the Conquest, for then there were not five piles or … Continue reading

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The Art of War under Chinggis Qahan (Genghis Khan)

The Art of War under Chinggis Qahan (Genghis Khan) Translated by Urgunge Onon The Secret History of the Mongols: The Life and Times of Chinggis Khan, translated by Urgunge Onon (Curzon Press, 2001) In the thirteenth century, all Mongols thought … Continue reading

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The Crusade of the Teutonic Knights against Lithuania Reconsidered

The Crusade of the Teutonic Knights against Lithuania Reconsidered  By Axel Ehlers Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier 1150–1500, edited by Alan V. Murray (Ashgate, 2001) Between the late thirteenth and early fifteenth centuries ‘another Hundred Years’ War’ raged between … Continue reading

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Urban Castles in Medieval Siena: The Sources and Images of Power

Urban Castles in Medieval Siena: The Sources and Images of Power Edward D. English The Medieval Castle: Romance and Reality, ed. Kathryn Reyerson and Faye Powe (Medieval Studies in Minnesota, 1984) The legal, economic, archeological, political, social, architectural, demographic, institutional, … Continue reading

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