Primary Sources

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HERE

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This section contains our collection of translated medieval sources that deal with warfare in the Middle Ages.

Roman | Early Medieval | 10-11thC | Crusades | 12-13thC | 14thC | 15thC | 16thC+

Late Roman and Byzantine Sources

 

Early Medieval Warfare

 

Tenth/Eleventh-Century Warfare

 

The Crusades

 

High Medieval Warfare (12-13thC)

 


This section is divided geographically:

Western Europe (England, France, Low Countries)

Iberia (Reconquista) and the Mediterranean

Eastern and Northern Europe

Fourteenth-Century Warfare

 

  • • Naval Contract by the Papacy against the Turks (1334)
  • • The Siege of Florence, 1312, according to Giovanni Villani
  • • The Battle of the Bannockburn (1314), according to the Vita Edwardi Secundi
  • • Warfare in Fourteenth Century Hungary, from the Chronica de Gestis Hungarorum
  • • Warfare in Italy, 1332-3, according to Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor
  • • Description of English soldiers in Italy by Filippo Villani
  • • Warfare between England and Scotland in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries from the Scalacronica
  • • Warfare between England and Scotland in the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries from the Chronicle of Lanercost
  • • Warfare Between England and Scotland, 1299 – 1301, according to Documents from the English Government
  • Siege of Carlaverock, 1300
  • • The City of London and Warfare in the 14th century
  • • Petitions dealing with warfare from Fourteenth-century Berwick, Cumbria and Durham
  • Edward III’s Letter detailing his campaign in France, 1339
  • • The French Chronicle of London on the battle of Sluys and the siege of Tournai
  • • Descriptions of warfare found in the Chronicle of Louth Park Abbey, 1314-1346
  • • The Battle of Crécy according to Jean Froissart
  • The War of Galata, according to the History of John Cantacuzenus, 1348
  • • Letter from Edward the Black Prince, about the Battle of Poitiers, 1356
  • • The Chronicle of Pere III: Campaign in Roussillion, 1344
  • • Peasants at War in France: Guillaume l’Aloue in 1359
  • • Contrat de maître Barra, facteur d’arbalètes et autres artilleries, pris au service du consulat de Cahors le 1er octobre 1369
  • • English Troops in Portugal in 1381, according to Fernao Lopes
  • • The Crusade of the Bishop of Norwich in 1383, according to the Chronicle of Henry Knighton
  • • The Crusade of the Bishop of Norwich in 1383, according to the Westminster Chronicle
  • • The Crusade of the Bishop of Norwich in 1383, according to the Chronica maiora of Thomas Walsingham
  • • Warfare in France and Flanders, 1381 to 1386, according to Buonaccorso Pitti
  • • The Battle of Nicopolis in 1396, according to Johann Schiltberger
  • • The Tree of Battles, by Honoré Bonet
  • • A Muslim Manual of War from the Fourteenth Century
  • The Skill of Archery from a 14th century Mamluk-Kipchak Military Treatise

Fifteenth-Century Warfare

 

 Sixteenth Century and Later Warfare

 

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